Tent Nib

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6 Person Instant Tent Cabin For Camping Hunting Outdoor Base Camp 10 x 10 New
6 Person Instant Tent Cabin For Camping Hunting Outdoor Base Camp 10 x 10 New
$71.88
Time Remaining: 15d 14h 14m
Buy It Now for only: $71.88

Camping Pop up Tent 3 4 Person Automatic Travel Fishing Hiking Shelter Windproof
Camping Pop up Tent 3 4 Person Automatic Travel Fishing Hiking Shelter Windproof
$89.68
Time Remaining: 7d 10h 51m
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Coleman Sundome 4 Person Tent New
Coleman Sundome 4 Person Tent New
$46.70
Time Remaining: 1d 19h 33m
Buy It Now for only: $46.70

7 Person Teepee Tent Ozark Trail 118 x 118 Camping  Hiking Outdoors New
7 Person Teepee Tent Ozark Trail 118 x 118 Camping Hiking Outdoors New
$47.85
Time Remaining: 22d 23h 46m
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NEW Roadtrip SUV Tent Northwest Territory Camping Hiking Tailgating
NEW Roadtrip SUV Tent Northwest Territory Camping Hiking Tailgating
$99.99
Time Remaining: 16d 1h 51m
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GRAY DOME CAMPING TENT 7x5 2 Person Two Man GRAPHITE BLUE Sealed Bottom NEW
GRAY DOME CAMPING TENT 7x5 2 Person Two Man GRAPHITE BLUE Sealed Bottom NEW
$24.99
Time Remaining: 23d 1h 37m
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Waterproof 2 Person Camping Tent Travel Outdoor Hiking Double Layer Backpack Red
Waterproof 2 Person Camping Tent Travel Outdoor Hiking Double Layer Backpack Red
$17.99
Time Remaining: 11d 9h 28m
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Coleman Red Canyon 8 Person 17 x 10 Foot Outdoor Camping Large Tent
Coleman Red Canyon 8 Person 17 x 10 Foot Outdoor Camping Large Tent
$124.99
Time Remaining: 4d 19h 48m
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Ultralight Backpacking Tent Ozark 1 Person Compact One Man Extra Long Hiking New
Ultralight Backpacking Tent Ozark 1 Person Compact One Man Extra Long Hiking New
$42.76
Time Remaining: 18d 11h 14m
Buy It Now for only: $42.76

Portable Changing Pop Up Toilet Tent Beach Shower Privacy Shelter Dressing Room
Portable Changing Pop Up Toilet Tent Beach Shower Privacy Shelter Dressing Room
$21.38
Time Remaining: 5d 10h 22m
Buy It Now for only: $21.38

2 Person Tent Camping Backpacking Dome Shelter Outdoor Small Tent Blue
2 Person Tent Camping Backpacking Dome Shelter Outdoor Small Tent Blue
$19.50
Time Remaining: 8d 16h 55m
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Two Man Mountain Trail Tent ACU Digital Camo Reinforced Polyethylene Floor NEW
Two Man Mountain Trail Tent ACU Digital Camo Reinforced Polyethylene Floor NEW
$54.74
Time Remaining: 26d 23h 21m
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F1 Pup Tent Olive Drab French Military Surplus Integral Fly Backpacking Shelter
F1 Pup Tent Olive Drab French Military Surplus Integral Fly Backpacking Shelter
$69.99
Time Remaining: 10d 19h 22m
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10x20 30 Outdoor Canopy Party Wedding Tent Heavy duty Gazebo Wedding Tent US
10x20 30 Outdoor Canopy Party Wedding Tent Heavy duty Gazebo Wedding Tent US
$73.99
Time Remaining: 28d 13h 23m
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COLEMAN SUNDOME 7 x 7 3 PERSON TENT MODEL 9280 717 BRAND NEW SEALED BOX
COLEMAN SUNDOME 7 x 7 3 PERSON TENT MODEL 9280 717 BRAND NEW SEALED BOX
$42.00
Time Remaining: 17d 8h 33m
Buy It Now for only: $42.00

Bivy One Person Bivouac Tent GI Style ACU Camo Pattern Lightweight 1lb15oz NEW
Bivy One Person Bivouac Tent GI Style ACU Camo Pattern Lightweight 1lb15oz NEW
$54.74
Time Remaining: 26d 18h 24m
Buy It Now for only: $54.74

Dream Tents Pop Up Tent Winter Wonderland Twin Size Bed Toys Kids As Seen On Tv
Dream Tents Pop Up Tent Winter Wonderland Twin Size Bed Toys Kids As Seen On Tv
$21.99
Time Remaining: 9d 8h 44m
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6 Person Instant Tent Cabin Outdoor Base Camp For Camping Hunting
6 Person Instant Tent Cabin Outdoor Base Camp For Camping Hunting
$68.98
Time Remaining: 3d 21h 47m
Buy It Now for only: $68.98

Waterproof Portable Pop Up Toilet Shower Tent Changing Room Camping Shelter Hot
Waterproof Portable Pop Up Toilet Shower Tent Changing Room Camping Shelter Hot
$25.98
Time Remaining: 9d 18h 52m
Buy It Now for only: $25.98

USMC one person combat tent military army Eureka TCOP Diamond US marine ics 2000
USMC one person combat tent military army Eureka TCOP Diamond US marine ics 2000
$197.55
Time Remaining: 14d 8h 4m
Buy It Now for only: $197.55

COLEMAN FLATWOODS II 4 PERSON DOME TENT 78625 1 H NEW
COLEMAN FLATWOODS II 4 PERSON DOME TENT 78625 1 H NEW
$53.00
Time Remaining: 26d 23h 20m
Buy It Now for only: $53.00

Camo Outdoor Camping Waterproof 1 2 Person Folding Tent Camouflage Hiking
Camo Outdoor Camping Waterproof 1 2 Person Folding Tent Camouflage Hiking
$19.31
Time Remaining: 7d 3h 33m
Buy It Now for only: $19.31

New Outsunny Single Portable Camping Tent Bed Cot w Sleeping Bag Air Mattress
New Outsunny Single Portable Camping Tent Bed Cot w Sleeping Bag Air Mattress
$109.99
Time Remaining: 22d 10h 29m
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White Large Cabana Beach Tent Canopy Umbrella Outdoor Sun UV Shelter Camping NEW
White Large Cabana Beach Tent Canopy Umbrella Outdoor Sun UV Shelter Camping NEW
$59.99
Time Remaining: 9d 21h 7m
Buy It Now for only: $59.99

Teepee Tent 6 Person Family Camping Military Hiking Outdoor Survival Green NEW
Teepee Tent 6 Person Family Camping Military Hiking Outdoor Survival Green NEW
$123.47
Time Remaining: 3d 20h 57m
Buy It Now for only: $123.47

Kids Play Tent Children Playhouse Portable Indoor Outdoor Boys Girl Pretend Play
Kids Play Tent Children Playhouse Portable Indoor Outdoor Boys Girl Pretend Play
$24.99
Time Remaining: 5d 3h 20m
Buy It Now for only: $24.99

LL Bean Ultra Dome 2 person Tent Brand New
LL Bean Ultra Dome 2 person Tent Brand New
$50.00
Time Remaining: 23d 9h 25m
Buy It Now for only: $50.00

Coleman 6 Person 10 x 9 Instant Cabin Family Camping Tent w Built In Rainfly
Coleman 6 Person 10 x 9 Instant Cabin Family Camping Tent w Built In Rainfly
$158.99
Time Remaining: 20d 2h 33m
Buy It Now for only: $158.99

3 4 Person Outdoor Camping Waterproof Automatic Instant Pop Up Tent Camouflage
3 4 Person Outdoor Camping Waterproof Automatic Instant Pop Up Tent Camouflage
$26.98
Time Remaining: 28d 10h 10m
Buy It Now for only: $26.98

New 3 4 Person Double Layer Family Camping Hiking Instant Tent Auto water resist
New 3 4 Person Double Layer Family Camping Hiking Instant Tent Auto water resist
$42.99
Time Remaining: 6d 21h 59m
Buy It Now for only: $42.99

Waterproof 2 Person Camping Tent Traveling Outdoor Hiking Double Layer Backpack
Waterproof 2 Person Camping Tent Traveling Outdoor Hiking Double Layer Backpack
$18.99
Time Remaining: 11d 9h 28m
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New Princess Castle Play House Large Indoor Outdoor Kids Play Tent For Baby Gift
New Princess Castle Play House Large Indoor Outdoor Kids Play Tent For Baby Gift
$47.99
Time Remaining: 19d 10h 42m
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Outdoor Shower Bath Changing Room Tent Camp Toilet Shelter +20L Shower Bag I0J2
Outdoor Shower Bath Changing Room Tent Camp Toilet Shelter +20L Shower Bag I0J2
$28.37
Time Remaining: 2d 11h 40m
Buy It Now for only: $28.37

Pick up Truck Bed Tent Suv Camping Outdoor Canopy Camper Pickup Cover Tents Roof
Pick up Truck Bed Tent Suv Camping Outdoor Canopy Camper Pickup Cover Tents Roof
$92.79
Time Remaining: 9d 2h 56m
Buy It Now for only: $92.79

Kelty Outback 2 Tent
Kelty Outback 2 Tent
$67.95
Time Remaining: 18h 31m
Buy It Now for only: $67.95

Naturehike Ultralight 2 Person Camping Tent Kit Double Layer 4 Season US STOCK
Naturehike Ultralight 2 Person Camping Tent Kit Double Layer 4 Season US STOCK
$60.79
Time Remaining: 8d 10h 18m
Buy It Now for only: $60.79

Core Equipment 6 Person Instant Cabin Tent
Core Equipment 6 Person Instant Cabin Tent
$39.99 (1 Bid)
Time Remaining: 3d 22h 50m

New Family Instant Tent 3 4 Person Waterproof Double Layer Hiking Camping
New Family Instant Tent 3 4 Person Waterproof Double Layer Hiking Camping
$1.99
Time Remaining: 8h 8m

Disney Frozen Themed Kids 4 Piece Fun Camp Kit Featuring Elsa Anna  D 4SLGFRZ4A
Disney Frozen Themed Kids 4 Piece Fun Camp Kit Featuring Elsa Anna D 4SLGFRZ4A
$32.99
Time Remaining: 9d 22h 58m
Buy It Now for only: $32.99

Outdoor Canopy Tent Screen House 12 Person Cabin Porch Sleeper Camping Bed Hiker
Outdoor Canopy Tent Screen House 12 Person Cabin Porch Sleeper Camping Bed Hiker
$122.64
Time Remaining: 21d 21h 55m
Buy It Now for only: $122.64

MSR Hubba Hubba NX 2 Person Ultralight Tent
MSR Hubba Hubba NX 2 Person Ultralight Tent
$275.00
Time Remaining: 29d 2h 26m
Buy It Now for only: $275.00

Pink Tent Princess House Castle Girls Playhouse Kids In Outdoor Fairy Play Tent
Pink Tent Princess House Castle Girls Playhouse Kids In Outdoor Fairy Play Tent
$28.79
Time Remaining: 3d 11h 18m
Buy It Now for only: $28.79

Tentsile Drink Holder Accessory for Stingray Vista Tree Tent  Trillium Hammock
Tentsile Drink Holder Accessory for Stingray Vista Tree Tent Trillium Hammock
$13.50
Time Remaining: 3d 11h 6m
Buy It Now for only: $13.50

Outdoor Camping Waterproof 3 4 Person Folding Tent Green Camouflage Pop Up B2
Outdoor Camping Waterproof 3 4 Person Folding Tent Green Camouflage Pop Up B2
$11.17
Time Remaining: 2d 18h 17m
Buy It Now for only: $11.17

Outdoor 2 Person 4Season Camping Hiking Waterproof Folding Tent Camouflage
Outdoor 2 Person 4Season Camping Hiking Waterproof Folding Tent Camouflage
$17.57
Time Remaining: 14d 14h 9m
Buy It Now for only: $17.57

Kelty Trail Ridge 3 Tent 3 Person 3 Season
Kelty Trail Ridge 3 Tent 3 Person 3 Season
$109.97
Time Remaining: 16d 20h 51m
Buy It Now for only: $109.97

Eureka Midori 2 Tent 2 Person
Eureka Midori 2 Tent 2 Person
$19.99 (1 Bid)
Time Remaining: 2d 53m

3 4 person 4 Season Tent Automatic Pop Up Tents Anti UV Windproof for Camping
3 4 person 4 Season Tent Automatic Pop Up Tents Anti UV Windproof for Camping
$35.58
Time Remaining: 14d 20h 56m
Buy It Now for only: $35.58

The North Face Expedition Tent 2 Meter Dome 8 Person Brand New Best Tent
The North Face Expedition Tent 2 Meter Dome 8 Person Brand New Best Tent
$4,000.00
Time Remaining: 29d 12h 37m
Buy It Now for only: $4,000.00

Waterproof 3 4 Persons Camping Tent Double layer Hiking Instant Family US STOCK
Waterproof 3 4 Persons Camping Tent Double layer Hiking Instant Family US STOCK
$45.79
Time Remaining: 13d 10h 9m
Buy It Now for only: $45.79

Sundome 4 Person Tent Green and Navy color options
Sundome 4 Person Tent Green and Navy color options
$46.71
Time Remaining: 7d 1h 36m
Buy It Now for only: $46.71

New Portable Oxford Single Dressing Tent DIY Small Pocket Outdoor Shower w Bag
New Portable Oxford Single Dressing Tent DIY Small Pocket Outdoor Shower w Bag
$31.60
Time Remaining: 21d 9h 38m
Buy It Now for only: $31.60

2 Persons Waterproof Hydraulic Speed to Open Automatic Outdoor Camping Tent Blue
2 Persons Waterproof Hydraulic Speed to Open Automatic Outdoor Camping Tent Blue
$40.99
Time Remaining: 29d 15h 19m
Buy It Now for only: $40.99

Easy Up Beach Tent Outdoor Hiking Camping Travel Portable Shelter Blue US
Easy Up Beach Tent Outdoor Hiking Camping Travel Portable Shelter Blue US
$6.10 (8 Bids)
Time Remaining: 4d 8h 8m

Chill Gorilla 12 Pro Rain Fly Green Waterproof Tent Tarp Hammock Shelter E
Chill Gorilla 12 Pro Rain Fly Green Waterproof Tent Tarp Hammock Shelter E
$45.99
Time Remaining: 23d 17h 18m
Buy It Now for only: $45.99

2 3 Person Tent Instant Pop Up Waterproof Outdoor Camping Hiking Beach +Tent kit
2 3 Person Tent Instant Pop Up Waterproof Outdoor Camping Hiking Beach +Tent kit
$17.99
Time Remaining: 28d 18h 22m
Buy It Now for only: $17.99

Large Pop Up Camping Hiking Tent Instant Setup Easy Fold Back Beach Camp Shelter
Large Pop Up Camping Hiking Tent Instant Setup Easy Fold Back Beach Camp Shelter
$39.98
Time Remaining: 24d 6h 24m
Buy It Now for only: $39.98

NEW Wenzel 10 x 8 Pine Ridge 5 Person Lite Reflect Dome Camping Tent
NEW Wenzel 10 x 8 Pine Ridge 5 Person Lite Reflect Dome Camping Tent
$59.99
Time Remaining: 15d 20h 59m
Buy It Now for only: $59.99

1pc PE Firm And Picnic Use Portable Outdoor Wedding Party Tent Canopy
1pc PE Firm And Picnic Use Portable Outdoor Wedding Party Tent Canopy
$14.50
Time Remaining: 8d 13h 31m
Buy It Now for only: $14.50

Coleman 4 Person Traditional Camping Tent
Coleman 4 Person Traditional Camping Tent
$46.35
Time Remaining: 18d 2h 26m
Buy It Now for only: $46.35

2 3 Person Outdoor Camping Waterproof Automatic Instant Pop Up Tent Camouflage M
2 3 Person Outdoor Camping Waterproof Automatic Instant Pop Up Tent Camouflage M
$18.85
Time Remaining: 6d 8h 35m
Buy It Now for only: $18.85

Ozark Trail 2 Person Waterproof Backpacking Tent Camping Geo Hunting Hiking Gear
Ozark Trail 2 Person Waterproof Backpacking Tent Camping Geo Hunting Hiking Gear
$45.71
Time Remaining: 23d 16h 11m
Buy It Now for only: $45.71

Semoo 3 person tent model 5101262 new other see description
Semoo 3 person tent model 5101262 new other see description
$39.95
Time Remaining: 19d 10h 16m
Buy It Now for only: $39.95

3 Persons Waterproof Double layers Camping Hiking Light Dome Tent w Porch
3 Persons Waterproof Double layers Camping Hiking Light Dome Tent w Porch
$35.49
Time Remaining: 10d 1h 10m
Buy It Now for only: $35.49

Portable Pop Up Tent Camping Beach Toilet Shower Changing Room Privacy Blue
Portable Pop Up Tent Camping Beach Toilet Shower Changing Room Privacy Blue
$21.27
Time Remaining: 10d 13h 3m
Buy It Now for only: $21.27

CLEARANCE Large Family Camping Hiking Double Layers Tent w Rainfly Mesh Screen
CLEARANCE Large Family Camping Hiking Double Layers Tent w Rainfly Mesh Screen
$24.74
Time Remaining: 11d 11h 22m
Buy It Now for only: $24.74

Portable Pop Up Tent Camping Beach Toilet Shower Changing Room Outdoor Dressing
Portable Pop Up Tent Camping Beach Toilet Shower Changing Room Outdoor Dressing
$23.89
Time Remaining: 1d 5h 6m
Buy It Now for only: $23.89

Gazelle Outdoors Camping Hiking Easy Setup Family Pop Up Instant Tent Orange
Gazelle Outdoors Camping Hiking Easy Setup Family Pop Up Instant Tent Orange
$37.72
Time Remaining: 6d 20h 26m
Buy It Now for only: $37.72

Stansport Scout A Frame Backpackers Tent Green
Stansport Scout A Frame Backpackers Tent Green
$21.02
Time Remaining: 26d 13h 26m
Buy It Now for only: $21.02

Awning Rooftop Shelter Tent SUV Truck Car Outdoor Camping Travel Sunshade Canopy
Awning Rooftop Shelter Tent SUV Truck Car Outdoor Camping Travel Sunshade Canopy
$112.50
Time Remaining: 18d 23h 22m
Buy It Now for only: $112.50

TMS Portable Outdoor Green Pop Up Tent Camping Shower Privacy Toilet Changing Ro
TMS Portable Outdoor Green Pop Up Tent Camping Shower Privacy Toilet Changing Ro
$36.60
Time Remaining: 27d 3h 45m
Buy It Now for only: $36.60

2 Person GEO Backpacking Tent Storage Pocket Waterproof Shelter Outdoor
2 Person GEO Backpacking Tent Storage Pocket Waterproof Shelter Outdoor
$36.09
Time Remaining: 27d 19h 51m
Buy It Now for only: $36.09

Wenzel Starlite Tent 1 Person
Wenzel Starlite Tent 1 Person
$33.24
Time Remaining: 21d 3h 47m
Buy It Now for only: $33.24

Stansport Scout A Frame Backpackers Tent Green
Stansport Scout A Frame Backpackers Tent Green
$23.80
Time Remaining: 16d 14h 50m
Buy It Now for only: $23.80

Folding 1 Person Elevated Camping Tent Cot Waterproof Hiking Outdoor w Carry Bag
Folding 1 Person Elevated Camping Tent Cot Waterproof Hiking Outdoor w Carry Bag
$116.99
Time Remaining: 5d 10h 1m
Buy It Now for only: $116.99

Portable Zipper Pop Up Camping Tent Dressing Changing Room Beach Shower Tent
Portable Zipper Pop Up Camping Tent Dressing Changing Room Beach Shower Tent
$22.99
Time Remaining: 7h 52m
Buy It Now for only: $22.99

Bushnell Roam Series 85 x 3 Backpacking Camping Tent Aluminum Poles 1 Person
Bushnell Roam Series 85 x 3 Backpacking Camping Tent Aluminum Poles 1 Person
$60.08
Time Remaining: 16d 7h 25m
Buy It Now for only: $60.08

7 Person Teepee Tent Ozark Trail 118 x 118 Camping Hiking Outdoors New
7 Person Teepee Tent Ozark Trail 118 x 118 Camping Hiking Outdoors New
$46.37
Time Remaining: 21d 23h 21m
Buy It Now for only: $46.37

Bivy One Person Bivouac Tent GI Style Woodland Camo Pattern NEW no box
Bivy One Person Bivouac Tent GI Style Woodland Camo Pattern NEW no box
$54.74
Time Remaining: 26d 18h 31m
Buy It Now for only: $54.74

Semoo Waterproof 5 Person Family Camping Tent SMT124601 Carrying Bag
Semoo Waterproof 5 Person Family Camping Tent SMT124601 Carrying Bag
$68.00
Time Remaining: 29d 23h 18m
Buy It Now for only: $68.00

Tent Nib

Reconfigurable variable blank-holder force system and method for sheet metal stamping

Device for binding the edges of an opening, as on a garment or a bag. A zipper consists of two strips of material with metal or plastic teeth along the edges, and a sliding piece that interlocks the teeth when moved in one direction and separates them again when moved in the opposite direction. The idea of a slide fastener was first exhibited by Whitcomb L. Judson (died 1909) at the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893. The modern form of the zipper began to appear on clothing in the late 1920s.

A zipper  ( English: zip fastener  or zip ) is a popular device for temporarily joining two edges of fabric. It is used in clothing (e.g. jackets and jeans), luggage and other bags, sporting goods, camping gear (e.g., tents and sleeping bags), and other daily use items, because it's stronger than the alternatives.

Descriptions
The bulk of a zipper consists of two strips of fabric tape, each affixed to one of the two pieces to be joined, carrying tens or hundreds of specially shaped metal or plastic teeth. These teeth can be either individual or shaped from a continuous coil, and are also referred to as elements .  The slider, operated by hand, moves along the rows of teeth. Inside the slider is a Y-shaped channel that meshes together or separates the opposing rows of teeth, depending on the direction of its movement. The friction and vibration of the slider against the teeth causes a characteristic buzzing noise, which is probably the origin of the name zipper . The name also may have originated in the greater speed and ease with which the two sides of a zipper can be joined, compared to the time needed for fastening laces or buttons.

Some zippers have two slides, allowing variation in the opening's size and position. In most jackets and similar garments, the opening is closed entirely when one slide is at each end. In most baggage, the opening is closed entirely when the two slides are next to each other at any point along the zipper.

Zippers may:

Increase the size of an opening to allow the passage of objects, as in the fly of trousers or in a pocket.Join or separate two ends or sides of a single garment, as in the front of a jacket.
Attach or detach a separable part of the garment to or from another, as in the conversion between trousers and shorts or the connection / disconnection of a hood and a coat. Decorate an item.

These variations are achieved by sewing one end of the zipper together, sewing both ends together, or allowing both ends of the zipper to come completely apart.

A zipper costs relatively little, but if it fails, the garment may be unusable until the zipper is repaired or replaced -- which can be quite difficult and expensive. Problems often lie with the zipper slider; when it becomes worn it does not properly align and join the alternating teeth.

History
An early device superficially similar to the zipper, "an Automatic, Continuous Clothing Closure", was patented in the United States by Elias Howe in 1851. Unlike the zipper, Howe's invention had no slider; instead a series of clasps slid freely along both edges to be joined, with each clasp holding the two sides together at whichever pair of points along them it was located. The clasps were joined together by a string, which, when pulled taut, caused the clasps to be evenly spaced along the closure, thus holding the two edges together. Pulling in the other direction caused the clasps to become bunched up at one end, by which means the device was opened.

The true zipper was the product of a series of incremental improvements over more than twenty years, by inventors and engineers associated with a sequence of companies that were the progenitors of Talon, Inc. This process began with a version called the "clasp locker", invented by Whitcomb L. Judson of Chicago (previously of Minneapolis and New York City), and for which a patent was first applied on Nov. 7, 1891. It culminated in 1914 with Gideon Sundback's invention of the "Hookless Fastener No. 2", the first version of the zipper without any major design flaws and essentially indistinguishable from modern zippers.

Initial versions of the zipper were based on the "hook and eye" principle, rather than on interlocking teeth, and tended to come apart easily. Some versions depended on constant pressure from one side of the joined fabric in order to hold together at all, which limited applications. In the 1891 version, the slider detached entirely from the zipper when not being used to open or close.

Judson, together with business partner Harry Earle, founded the first incarnation of what was to eventually become Talon Inc., in Chicago in 1894, as the Universal Fastener Company. The design deficiencies, combined with difficulties in getting the machinery needed for mass production to work, prevented the early devices from reaching market, which led to financial hardships for the company. This in turn led to a series of reorganizations and name changes, as well as relocations, first to Catasauqua, Pennsylvania; then to Elyria, Ohio; Hoboken, New Jersey; and finally Meadville, Pennsylvania.

Gideon Sundb?ck, a Swedish-born American immigrant, joined the company, then called the Automatic Hook and Eye Company, in Hoboken, in 1906. At that time the company's product, still based on hooks and eyes, was called the "C-curity Fastener". Sundback developed an improved version of the C-curity, called the "Plako", but it too had a strong tendency to pull apart, and wasn't any more successful than the previous versions. Sundback finally solved the pulling-apart problem in 1913, with his invention of the first version of the zipper based on interlocking teeth, the "Hookless Fastener No. 1".

That version, however, had a tendency to wear out quickly, and again was not a commercial success. Finally, in 1914 Sundback developed another version based on interlocking teeth, the "Hookless No. 2", which solved the last remaining major design defect, and opened the way to commercial success. The principle is, each tooth is punched to have a dimple on its bottom and a nib or conical projection on its top. The nib atop one tooth engages in the matching dimple in the bottom of the tooth that follows it on the other side as the two strips of teeth are brought together through the two Y channels of the slider. The teeth are crimped tightly to a strong fabric cord that is the selvage edge of the cloth tape that attaches the zipper to the garment, with the teeth on one side offset by half a tooth's height from those on the other side's tape. They are held so tightly to the cord and tape that once meshed there is not enough play to let them pull apart - - a tooth cannot rise up off the nib below it enough to break free, and its nib on top cannot drop out of the dimple in the tooth above it. The classic zipper was made of a brass alloy, a metal that has low friction and is long-wearing.

Sundback's invention of the Hookless No. 2 took place while he was working for the Hookless Fastener Company in Meadville, which had previously been set up to manufacture the Hookless No. 1. Depending on which improvement one wants to consider to constitute the "invention" of the zipper, the zipper was invented either in Meadville, Chicago, or one of the other previously mentioned cities. The B. F. Goodrich Company coined the name Zipper in 1923 for the line of rubber overshoes that it made using the fastener. The name slowly came to be associated with the fastener itself, and eventually acquired generic status.

The zipper slowly became popular for children's clothing and men's trousers in the 1920s and 1930s. In the early 1930s the haute couture designer Elsa Schiaparelli featured zippers in her avant-garde gowns, helping it to become acceptable in women's clothing. In 1934, Tadao Yoshida founded a company called San-S Shokai in downtown Tokyo. Later, this company would change its name to YKK and become the world's largest manufacturer of zippers and fastening products. By World War II, the zipper had become widely used in Europe and North America, and after the war quickly spread through the rest of the world.

Clergy in the 1920s and 1930s described zippers as allowing one to take one's clothes off too quickly, thus hastening illicit sexual activity. Clothing with zippers was seen as inappropriate to be worn by women because of this belief, and was not fully adopted until the late 1950s.

Today, such global companies as YKK, Olympic Zippers Ltd, Opti, TALON, Ideal, NEO, KCC Group, and Tex Corp, make various types of zippers including "invisible" zippers, metallic zippers, and plastic zippers.

On a CBC-produced miniseries aired in January 2007, The Greatest Canadian Invention; the Zipper placed at No. 8 on the list. It qualified because Sundback had been president of a Canadian-based company that was one of the earliest manufacturers of the zipper.

Over a number of years the zipper has become extremely common on many of the clothing items that are worn by everyday people all over the world.

Types

Coil  zippers now form the bulk of sales of zippers worldwide. The slider runs on two coils on each side; the "teeth" are the coils. Two basic types of coils are used: one with coils in spiral form, usually with a cord running inside the coils; the other with coils in ladder form, also called the Ruhrmann type. This second type is now used only in a few parts of the world, mainly in South Asia. Coil zippers are made of polyester coil and are thus also known as polyester zippers. Nylon was formerly used and though only polyester is used now, the type is still known as a nylon zippers.

Invisible  zippers' teeth are behind the tape. The tape's color matches the garment's, as does the slider, so that, except the slider, the zipper is "invisible". This kind of a zipper is common in skirts and dresses. Invisible zippers are usually coil zippers or to be precise polyester zipper.

Metallic  zippers are the classic zipper type, found mostly in jeans today. The teeth are not a coil, but are individual pieces of metal moulded into shape and set on the zipper tape at regular intervals. Metal zippers are made in brass, aluminium and nickel, according to the metal used for teeth making. All these zippers are basically made from flat wire. A special type of metal zipper is made from pre-formed wire, usually brass but sometimes other metals too. Only a few companies in the world have the technology. These type of pre-formed metal zippers are mainly used in high grade jeanswear, workwear, etc., where high strength is required and zippers need to withstand tough washing.

Plastic-molded  zippers are identical to metallic zippers, except that the teeth are plastic instead of metal. Metal zippers can be painted to match the surrounding fabric; plastic zippers can be made in any color of plastic. Plastic zippers mostly use polyacetal resin though other resins are used too like polyethylene.

Open-ended  zippers use a "box and pin" mechanism to lock the two sides of the zipper into place, often in jackets. Open-ended zippers can be of any of the above specified types.
Closed-ended  zippers are closed at both ends; they are often used in baggage.

Components
The components of a zipper are:

1 - top tape end
2 - top stop
3 - slider
4 - puller
5 - tape
6 - spiral width
7 - bottom stop
8 - bottom tape end
9 - single tape width
10 - pin
11 - box
12 - reinforcement

Manufacturing
Japan makes 68% of the world's zipper. A large part of these are manufactured by YKK, which has production facilities in 68 countries and the world's largest zipper manufacturing center in Macon, Georgia USA, with 900 employees.  Almost all of the rest are made in Southeast Asia. Major zipper manufacturing countries in Southeast Asia are now Bangladesh, China and India. These countries are not only manufacturing zippers for domestic use and use in exported products but are exporting zippers directly to other countries as well. TALON still exists as an American brand, now owned by TagIt Pacific of USA.Tag It recently changed its name to Talon International Inc.

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